Niemöller, Martin

Niemöller, Martin
   Niemöller was born in Lynstadt, Germany, and he was educated at the University of Münster. He served in the German navy in the First World War and he was ordained to the Lutheran ministry in 1924. A successful pastor, he joined bonhoeffer and others in their protests against Nazi policies. He became President of the Pastors’ Emergency League in 1933 and he was an active member of the Confessing Church. He opposed Bishop Marahren’s decision to co-operate with the Ministry of Church Affairs and in 1937 he was arrested. He refused to compromise his principles and spent the years from 1937 until 1945 in Sachsenhausen and then in Dachau concentration camps. He thus became a symbol of Christian opposition to the barbarities of the Nazi regime. After the war, he held various positions within the Evangelical Church and between 1961 and 1968, he was a President of the World Council of Churches.
   J. Bentley, Martin Niemöller (1984);
   K. Robbins, ‘Martin Niemöller, the German Church struggle and English opinion’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, xxxi (1970);
   D. Schmidt, Martin Niemöller (1959).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Niemöller, Martin — ▪ German theologian and pastor in full  Martin Friedrich Gustav Emil Niemöller  born January 14, 1892, Lippstadt, Germany died March 6, 1984, Wiesbaden, West Germany  prominent German anti Nazi (Nazi Party) theologian and pastor, founder of the… …   Universalium

  • Niemöller, Martin — ( 1892 1984 )    Lutheran bishop and opponent of the Nazi regime    German Lutheran bishop Martin Niemöller was born on January 14, 1892, in Lippstadt, Westphalia, Germany, the son of a Lutheran minister. As a young man, he was a pioneer of the… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Niemoller, Martin — (1892–1984)    Niemoller was a leader of the German Evangelical Church (Confessing Church), which opposed the German attempt to Nazify the churches in Germany. In particular, it protested the Aryan Paragraph, which was used to purge converted… …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • NIEMÖLLER, Martin — (1892 1984)    First World War naval hero and LUTHERAN minister who was a leader of the CHRISTIAN opposition to the Nazis and was imprisoned in Sachsenhausen and Dachau. He was the President of the EVANGELICAL CHURCH in Hessen and Nassau and the… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Martin Niemoeller — Martin Niemöller auf einer deutschen Briefmarke von Gerd Aretz (1992). Emil Gustav Friedrich Martin Niemöller (* 14. Januar 1892 in Lippstadt; † 6. März 1984 in Wiesbaden) war ein deutscher Theologe und führender Vertreter der Bekennenden Kirche …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Martin Niemöller — Martin Niemoller on a postage stamp, painted by Gerd Aretz in 1992 Born 14 January 1892 Lippstadt, Germany Died 6 …   Wikipedia

  • Martin Niemoller — Martin Niemöller Martin Niemöller sur un timbre d Allemagne de 1992, dessiné par Gerd Aretz. Emil Gustav Friedrich Martin Niemöller (né le 14 janvier 1892 à Lippstadt et mort le 6 mars 1984 à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Martin Niemöller — sur un timbre d Allemagne de 1992, dessiné par Gerd Aretz. Emil Gustav Friedrich Martin Niemöller, né le 14 janvier 1892 à Lippstadt et mort le 6 mars 1984 à Wiesbaden, est un pasteur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Martin Niemöller — Martin Niemöller. Martin Niemöller (14 de enero de 1892 – 6 de marzo de 1984) fue un pastor luterano alemán. Se graduó como oficial naval y durante la Primera guerra mundial estuvo al mando de un submarino. Después de esa guerra mandó un batallón …   Wikipedia Español

  • NIEMÖLLER (M.) — NIEMÖLLER MARTIN (1892 1984) Pasteur protestant allemand, Martin Niemöller fait la Première Guerre mondiale comme commandant de sous marin. Administrateur de la mission intérieure du land de Münster Westphalie de 1924 à 1930, il devient pasteur… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”